IX. Mitochondrial beta-oxidation
Additional enzymes are needed for complete oxidation of unsaturated and
odd-carbon fatty acids.
- The action of enoyl CoA isomerase may be required.
- A system is needed to generate the trans- double bond required in beta-oxidation in place of the cis- bond which occurs naturally in fatty acids.
- The three-carbon propionyl CoA residue from beta-oxidation of odd-chain fatty acids is metabolized with special enzymes.