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IV. A Brief History of the Development of Nutrition

The pre-investigative days Failure to act on evidence:     Early scientific studies of nutrition Early scientific studies of nutrition: Lavoisier Early scientific studies of nutrition: The 19th Century Early scientific studies of nutrition: The discovery of vitamins     The 20th Century Quantitative requirements     Conclusion Conclusion: The oat bran story Conclusion: The vitamin E story Conclusion: Maximum reliability     Previous Page Next Page

Early scientific studies of nutrition: The 19th Century

In the early 19th century crop failures (wet weather) forced a study of how to replace meat in the diet. The need for dietary protein was recognized by this time, and by the 1860's in England the first government dietary standard was established on the basis of experimental observation for energy and protein requirements (3000 Cal and 80 g, respectively).

Explore: History -- The cotton famine was caused by the loss of raw materials for the Lancashire cotton mills during the Civil War in the United States, a major cotton-producing nation. Mill workers were laid off, and they tended to starve. Note 2 in this section of a British document on poor law statistics refers to it.

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