The small petechial hemorrhages in the mammillary bodies seen here are characteristic for Wernicke disease, another complication of chronic alcoholism. [Image contributed by Jeannette J. Townsend, MD, University of Utah]

What vitamin deficiency is most likely associated with this disease?


B B1 (thiamine)

C B3 (niacin)

D C (ascorbic acid)

E E (alpha-tocopherol)