A small adenomatous polyp (tubular adenoma) is seen here. This lesion is called a "tubular adenoma" because of the rounded nature of the neoplastic glands that form it. It has smooth surfaces and is discreet. Such lesions are common in adults. Small ones are virtually always benign. Those larger than 2 cm carry a much greater risk for development of a carcinoma, having collected mutations in APC, DCC, K-ras, and p53 genes over the years. The colonoscopic appearance of rectal polyps that proved to be tubular adenomas are seen below.