This bladder at autopsy has been opened to reveal areas of hyperemia of the mucosa. This is acute cystitis.

The characteristic urinalysis findings for acute cystitis are shown below.



Macroscopic Urinalysis:

CharacteristicResult
ColorYellow
AppearanceCloudy
Leukocyte Esterase3+
NitritePos
pH7.0
ProteinTrace
Blood1+
Specific Gravity1.020
KetonesNeg
GlucoseNeg
BilirubinNeg

Microscopic Urinalysis:

CharacteristicResult
WBC/hpf >100/hpf
RBC/hpf 2-5/hpf
Casts None
Other Many leukocytes