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Introduction All levels of the neuroaxis contribute to gait although most gait abnormalities
are motor in nature. In assessing gait it is important to not only watch
the lower extremities but also the upper extremities for normal associated
Localizing Value There are 7 basic pathological gaits that should be recognized by
their characteristic pattern. These pathological gaits are:
These gaits have localizing
value because they can indicate levels (an "y" axis as well as an "x"
axis) of neurological disease or systems abnormalities (such as cerebellar
or basal ganglia).
Normal gait is demonstrated in the normal neuro exam section of this tutorial.
The pathological gaits are demonstrated in the abnormal neurological exam