NeuroLogic Examination Videos and Descriptions: An Anatomical Approach
NeuroLogic Examination Videos and Descriptions...
an Anatomical Approach
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CRANIAL NERVE EXAM

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COORDINATION EXAM
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A-Z Alphabetical Topic Index

Numbers & Symbols   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

 
 
 
NUMBERS & SYMBOLS
   
  3rd nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 3
   
  3rd nerve palsy
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   
  6th nerve palsy
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Traps
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   

 

 


A
   
  Abducens Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 6
   
  abstract reasoning
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Judgement-abstract reasoning
   
  acalculia
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Dominant parietal lobe function
   
  Accessory Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 11
   
  accommodation
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Major Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Vergence
   
  achromatopsia
   Mental Status > Normal > Visual recognition
   
  acoustic reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 7
   
  agnosia
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   
  agraphesthesia
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Gnosis
   Sensory > Abnormal > Graphesthesia
   
  agraphia
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Dominant parietal lobe function
   
  air conduction
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   
  allodynia
   Sensory > Abnormal > Light Touch
   
  alternating findings
   Sensory > Anatomy > Crossed Findings
   
  amygdala
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Temporal Lobes 
   
  amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   
  anomia
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Receptive language
   
  anosmia
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 1 - Olfaction
   
  anterolateral system
   Sensory > Anatomy > Introduction
   
  aphasia
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Receptive language
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Expressive language
   
  appendicular ataxia
   Coordination > Anatomy > Cerebrocerebellum
   Coordination > Anatomy > Pearls
   Coordination > Abnormal > Finger-to-Nose
   
  apraxia
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   Mental Status > Normal > Praxis
   
  Argyll-Robertson pupil
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Vergence
   
  arithmetic
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Dominant parietal lobe function
   
  astereognosis
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Gnosis
   Sensory > Normal > Stereognosis
   Sensory > Abnormal > Stereognosis
   
  ataxia
   Coordination > Anatomy > Introduction
   Coordination > Anatomy > Vestibulocerebellum
   Coordination > Anatomy > Spinocerebellum
   Coordination > Anatomy > Midline Ataxia
   Coordination > Anatomy > Cerebrocerebellum
   Coordination > Anatomy > Traps
   Coordination > Abnormal > Finger-to-Nose
   Coordination > Abnormal > Heel-to-shin
   Coordination > Abnormal > Natural Gait
   Coordination > Abnormal > Tandem Gait
   
  Ataxic Gait
   Gait > Abnormal > Ataxic Gait Demonstration
   Gait > Abnormal > Ataxic Gait
   
  atrophy
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 12 - Motor
   Motor > Anatomy > LMN Lesion
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   
  attention
   Mental Status > Normal > Attention-working memory
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Attention-working memory
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Visual recognition
   
  auditory acuity
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 8
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   

 

 


B
   
  Babinski sign
   Motor > Anatomy > UMN Lesion Clinical Findings
   Motor > Normal > Plantar Reflex
   Motor > Abnormal > Plantar Reflex
   
  basal ganglia
   Motor > Anatomy > Control Circuits
   Gait > Abnormal > Parkinsonian Gait Demonstration
   
  basal ganglia disease
   Motor > Anatomy > Traps
   
  bilateral internuclear opthalmoplegia
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   
  bone conduction
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   
  bradykinetic
   Gait > Abnormal > Parkinsonian Gait
   
  brainstem
   Introduction > Cranial Nerve Exam
   
  brainstem dysfunction
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Vestibulo-ocular reflex
   
  Brainstem Motor Control Centers
   Motor > Anatomy > Brainstem Motor Control Centers
   
  brainstem motor nucle
   Motor > Anatomy > Upper Motor Neuron Lesion
   
  Broca’s Area
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Language - Temporal and Frontal Lobes
   

 

 


C
   
  "central 7th"
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 7
   
  Cerebellar Tests
   Coordination > Anatomy > Exam Tests
   
  cerebellum
   Introduction > Coordination Exam
   Coordination > Anatomy > Introduction
   Motor > Anatomy > Control Circuits
   
  cerebral cortex
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Traps
   
  cerebral hemispheres
   Introduction > Mental Status Exam
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Introduction
   
  cerebral peduncle
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 3 and 4
   
  Cerebrocerebellum
   Coordination > Anatomy > Cerebrocerebellum
   
  chart
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2
   
  Check Reflex
   Coordination > Normal > Check Reflex
   Coordination > Abnormal > Check Reflex
   
  Choreiform Gait
   Gait > Abnormal > Choreiform Gait Demonstration
   Gait > Abnormal > Choreiform Gait
   
  choreoathetoisis
   Gait > Abnormal > Choreiform Gait
   
  clasp-knife
   Motor > Anatomy > UMN Lesion Clinical Findings
   Motor > Anatomy > Traps
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Tone
   
  clonus
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Tone
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   
  Cochleovestibular Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 8
   
  color
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Occipital Lobes
   
  comatose
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Vestibulo-ocular reflex
   
  conductive hearing loss
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   
  Confabulation
   Mental Status > Media Resources > Confabulation
   
  confrontation
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual fields
   
  conjugate eye movement
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 6
   
  conjugate gaze
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   
  constructional apraxia
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   
  contractures
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   Motor > Normal > Lower Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   
  convergence
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Major Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Vergence
   
  Coordinant
Introduction > “x”, “y” Graph
   
  Corneal reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 5 & 7 - Corneal reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 5 & 7 - Corneal reflex
   
  corticobulbar tract
   Cranial Nerve > Media Resources > Pseudobulbar Palsy
   
  Corticospinal Tract
   Introduction > Corticospinal Tract
   Introduction > Motor Exam
   Motor > Anatomy > Introduction
   Motor > Anatomy > Upper Motor Neuron Lesion
   Gait > Abnormal > Diplegic Gait Demonstration
   
  corticospinal tract disease
   Coordination > Anatomy > Traps
   Motor > Normal > Testing for pronator drift
   
  Cranial Nerve 1
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 1
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 1 - Olfaction
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 1 - Olfaction
   
  Cranial Nerve 2
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 2
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual acuity
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual fields
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Fundoscopy
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual acuity
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual fields
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Fundoscopy
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   
  Cranial Nerve 3
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 3 and 4
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Inspection and Ocular Alignment
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Inspection and Ocular Alignment
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   
  Cranial Nerve 4
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 3 and 4
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Inspection and Ocular Alignment
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Inspection and Ocular Alignment
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   
  Cranial Nerve 5
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 5
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Sensory
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 5 & 7 - Corneal reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Sensory
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 5 & 7 - Corneal reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Motor
   
  Cranial Nerve 6
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 6
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Inspection and Ocular Alignment
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Inspection and Ocular Alignment
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   
  Cranial Nerve 7
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 7
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 5 & 7 - Corneal reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 7 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 7 - Sensory, Taste
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 5 & 7 - Corneal reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 7 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 7 - Sensory, Taste
   
  Cranial Nerve 8
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 8
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Vestibular
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Vestibular
   
  Cranial Nerve 9
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 9 and 10
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Sensory and Motor: Gag Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Sensory and Motor
   
  Cranial Nerve 10
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 9 and 10
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Sensory and Motor: Gag Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Sensory and Motor
   
  Cranial Nerve 11
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 11
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 11 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 11 - Motor
   
  Cranial Nerve 12
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 12
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 12 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 12 - Motor
   
  Crossed Findings
   Sensory > Anatomy > Crossed Findings
   
  crossing of the axons
   Sensory > Anatomy > Level of Crossing
   

 

 


D
   
  Decerebrate
   Motor > Anatomy > Decorticate vs. Decerebrate
   
  declarative memory
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Orientation, Memory
   
  decomposition of movement
 Coordination > Anatomy > Introduction
   Coordination > Anatomy > Cerebrocerebellum
   Coordination > Abnormal > Finger-to-Nose
   
  Decorticate
   Motor > Anatomy > Decorticate vs. Decerebrate
   
  decussation of the pyramids
   Motor > Anatomy > Localizing a UMN Lesion
   
  Deep Tendon Reflexes
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   Motor > Normal > Lower Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   
  Deep Tendon Reflexes, grading
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   Motor > Normal > Lower Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   
  Deep Tendon Reflexes, levels
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   Motor > Normal > Lower Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   
  dermatome
   Sensory > Anatomy > Pearls
   
  dermatome distribution
   Sensory > Abnormal > Pain - Upper Extremeties
   
  descending motor system
   Introduction > Longitudinal Systems
   
  descending tract of the 5th nerve
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 5
   
  descending tract of the trigeminal system
   Sensory > Anatomy > Trigeminal System
   
  dilated pupil
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   
  Diplegic Gait
   Gait > Abnormal > Diplegic Gait Demonstration
   Gait > Abnormal > Diplegic Gait
   
  diplopia
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 6
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Pearls
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   
  direct corticospinal tract
   Motor > Anatomy > UMN Syndrome
   
  discriminatory touch
   Introduction > Somatosensory Tracts
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 5
   Sensory > Anatomy > Introduction
   
  divergence
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Vergence
   
  doll's eye
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 8
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Vestibulo-ocular reflex
   
  dominant hemisphere
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Language - Temporal and Frontal Lobes
   
  dominant inferior parietal lobe
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   Mental Status > Normal > Praxis
   
  dominant parietal lobe
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   
  Dominant parietal lobe function
   Mental Status > Normal > Dominant parietal lobe function
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Dominant parietal lobe function
   
  dorsal column
   Sensory > Abnormal > Position Sense
   
  Dorsal Column-Medial Lemniscus (DCML)
   Introduction > Somatosensory Tracts
   Sensory > Anatomy > Introduction
   Sensory > Anatomy > Dorsal Column-Medial Lemniscus
   Sensory > Anatomy > Location of Tracts
   Sensory > Anatomy > Exam Tests
   Sensory > Normal > Light Touch
   Sensory > Normal > Vibratory
   Sensory > Normal > Position Sense
   Sensory > Normal > Tactile Movement
   Sensory > Abnormal > Vibratory
   Sensory > Abnormal > Two-Point Discrimination
   
  dorsiflexion
   Motor > Abnormal > Plantar Reflex
   
  Double Simultaneous Stimulation
   Sensory > Normal > Double Simultaneous Stimulation
   Sensory > Abnormal > Double Simultaneous Stimulation
   
  drawing a clock
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Non-dominant parietal lobe function
   
  Ductions
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   
  dysarthria
   Coordination > Abnormal > Speech Rapid Alternating Movements Dysarthria
   
  Dysarthria, Dystonic
   Mental Status > Media Resources > Dystonic Dysarthria
   
  Dysarthria, Flaccid
   Mental Status > Media Resources > Flaccid (LMN) Dysarthria
   
  Dysarthria, Spastic
   Mental Status > Media Resources > Spastic Dysarthria
   
  dysdiadochokinesia
   Coordination > Anatomy > Cerebrocerebellum
   Coordination > Abnormal > Hand Rapid Alternating Movements
   
  dysesthesia
   Sensory > Abnormal > Light Touch
   
  dysmetria
   Coordination > Anatomy > Introduction
   Coordination > Anatomy > Cerebrocerebellum
   Coordination > Abnormal > Finger-to-Nose
   Coordination > Abnormal > Heel-to-shin
   
  Dysphonia, Spasmodic
   Mental Status > Media Resources > Spasmodic Dysphonia
   
  Dystonic Dysarthria
  see Dysarthria, Dystonic
   

 

 


E
   
  emotional response
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Temporal Lobes
   
  essential tremor
   Coordination > Normal > Tremor
   
  eye movements
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Supranuclear gaze systems - Introduction
   
  eyelid
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 3 and 4
   
  executive function
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Judgement-abstract reasoning
   
  expressive aphasia
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Expressive language
   
  Expressive language
   Mental Status > Normal > Expressive language
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Expressive language
   
  extinction
   Sensory > Normal > Double Simultaneous Stimulation
   Sensory > Abnormal > Double Simultaneous Stimulation
   
  extremities, ataxia of
   Coordination > Anatomy > Cerebrocerebellum
   Coordination > Abnormal > Heel-to-shin
   

 

 


F
   
  faces
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Occipital Lobes
   
  facial expression
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 7
   
  Facial Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 7
   
  "false localizing sign"
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Traps
   
  fasciculation
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 12 - Motor
   Motor > Anatomy > LMN Lesion
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   Motor > Normal > Lower Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   
  "final common pathway"
   Motor > Anatomy > LMN Lesion
   
  finger agnosia
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Dominant parietal lobe function
   
  Finger-to-Nose
   Coordination > Normal > Finger-to-Nose
   Coordination > Abnormal > Finger-to-Nose
   
  Flaccid Dysarthria
  see Dysarthria, Flaccid
   
  flocculonodular lobe
   Coordination > Anatomy > Vestibulocerebellum
   
  fluent
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Receptive language
   
  fovea
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Major Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Fundoscopy
   
  fractionated movements
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Strength Testing
   
  Frontal Lobes
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Frontal Lobes
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Temporal Lobes
   Motor > Normal > Pathological Reflexes
   Motor > Abnormal > Pathological Reflexes
   
  frontal release signs
   Motor > Normal > Pathological Reflexes
   Motor > Abnormal > Pathological Reflexes
   
  Fundoscopy
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Fundoscopy
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Fundoscopy
   

 

 


G
   
  Gag Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Sensory and Motor: Gag Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Media Resources > Pseudobulbar Palsy
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Sensory and Motor
   
  gait
   Coordination > Anatomy > Spinocerebellum
   Coordination > Normal > Natural Gait
   Coordination > Normal > Tandem Gait
   Coordination > Abnormal > Natural Gait
   Coordination > Abnormal > Tandem Gait
   Gait > Anatomy > Introduction
   
  gait ataxia
   Coordination > Anatomy > Midline Ataxia
   
  Gaze Systems
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Major Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   
  Gertsmann syndrome
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Dominant parietal lobe function
   
  Glossopharyngeal Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 9
   
  Gnosis
   Mental Status > Normal > Gnosis
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Gnosis
   
  grammar
   Mental Status > Normal > Expressive language
   
  Graph
 Introduction > “x”, “y” Graph
   
  graphesthesia
   Mental Status > Normal > Gnosis
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Gnosis
   Sensory > Normal > Graphesthesia
   Sensory > Abnormal > Graphesthesia
   
  gyrus
   Sensory > Anatomy > Spinothalamic
   Sensory > Anatomy > Dorsal Column-Medial Lemniscus
   

 

 


H
   
  heel & toe
   Motor > Normal > Strength testing using squat & rise, heel & toe
   Motor > Abnormal > Strength testing using squat & rise, heel & toe
   Gait > Normal > Heel and Toe Walking
   
  Heel-to-shin
   Coordination > Normal > Heel-to-shin
   Coordination > Abnormal > Heel-to-shin
   
  hemianopia
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual fields
   
  hemiparesis
   Gait > Abnormal > Hemiplegic Gait
   
  Hemiplegic Gait
   Gait > Abnormal > Hemiplegic Gait Demonstration
   Gait > Abnormal > Hemiplegic Gait
   
  high stepping gait
   Gait > Abnormal > Neuropathic Gait Demonstration
   
  hippocampus
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Temporal Lobes
   
  Horizontal axis
Introduction > “x” Values
   
  hyperkinetic gait
   Gait > Abnormal > Choreiform Gait Demonstration
   
  hyperlordosis
   Gait > Abnormal > Myopathic Gait
   
  hypermetria
   Coordination > Abnormal > Finger-to-Nose
   
  hyperpigmented skin
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   
  hyperreflexia
   Motor > Anatomy > UMN Lesion Clinical Findings
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   
  hypertonia
   Motor > Anatomy > Traps
   
  hypertrophy
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   
  Hypoglossal Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 12
   
  hypokinesia
   Gait > Abnormal > Parkinsonian Gait Demonstration
   
  hypometria
   Coordination > Abnormal > Finger-to-Nose
   
  hypothalamus
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Temporal Lobes
   
  hypotonia
   Coordination > Anatomy > Cerebrocerebellum
   Motor > Anatomy > Pearls
   

 

 


I
   
  incoordination
   Coordination > Anatomy > Traps
   
  increased intracranial pressure
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Traps
   
  increased tone
   Motor > Anatomy > UMN Lesion Clinical Findings
   
  indirect brainstem motor centers
   Motor > Anatomy > Upper Motor Neuron Lesion
   Motor > Anatomy > UMN Syndrome
   
  inferior frontal gyrus
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Language - Temporal and Frontal Lobes
   
  inferior occiptotemporal area
   Mental Status > Normal > Visual recognition
   
  inferior temporal visual association cortex
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Occipital Lobes
   
  intention tremor
   Coordination > Abnormal > Tremor
   
  internuclear
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   
  intranuclear opthalmoplegia
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Pearls
   

 

 


J
 
  jaw jerk
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Media Resources > Pseudobulbar Palsy
   
  Judgement
   Mental Status > Normal > Judgement-abstract reasoning
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Judgement-abstract reasoning
   

 

 


K
 
   
  There are no terms for this letter
   

 

 


L
   
Language
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Language - Temporal and Frontal Lobes
   Mental Status > Normal > Receptive language
   Mental Status > Normal > Expressive language
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Receptive language
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Expressive language
   
  laryngeal muscles
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 9 and 10
   
  lead pipe rigidity
   Motor > Anatomy > Traps
   
  Level of Crossing
   Sensory > Anatomy > Level of Crossing
   
  light reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Vergence
   
  light touch
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Sensory
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Sensory
   Sensory > Anatomy > Traps
   Sensory > Normal > Light Touch
   Sensory > Abnormal > Light Touch
   
  light-near dissociation
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Vergence
   
  limbic connections
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Temporal Lobes  
   
  long term memory
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Orientation, Memory
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Visual recognition
   
  Longitudinal Systems
   Introduction > Longitudinal Systems
   
  loss of strength
   Motor > Anatomy > LMN Lesion
   
  Lower Motor Neuron – LMN
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 7
   Motor > Anatomy > Introduction
   Motor > Anatomy > Upper Motor Neuron Lesion
   Motor > Anatomy > LMN Lesion
   
  Lower Motor Neuron signs
   Motor > Anatomy > Spinal Cord Lesions
   

 

 


M
   
  Marcus Gunn pupil
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   
  medial longitudinal fasciculus
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 6
   
  medulla
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Medullary Level
   
  memory
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Temporal Lobes
   Mental Status > Normal > Orientation, Memory
   Mental Status > Normal > Attention-working memory
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Orientation, Memory
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Attention-working memory
   
  meningioma
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 1 - Olfaction
   
  midbrain
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 3 and 4
   
  Midline Ataxia
   Coordination > Anatomy > Midline Ataxia
   Coordination > Abnormal > Station
   
  midline cerebellar disease
   Gait > Abnormal > Ataxic Gait Demonstration
   
  MLF
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 6
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Pearls
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   
  motor neuron
   Introduction > Motor Exam
   
  muscle tone
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Tone
   
  muscles of facial expression
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 7 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 7 - Motor
   
  muscles of mastication
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Motor
   
  muscular diseases
   Gait > Abnormal > Myopathic Gait Demonstration
   
  Myopathic Gait
   Gait > Abnormal > Myopathic Gait Demonstration
   Gait > Abnormal > Myopathic Gait
   
  myasthenia gravis
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Inspection and Ocular Alignment
   

 

 


N
   
  naming
   Mental Status > Normal > Expressive language
   
  Natural Gait
   Coordination > Normal > Natural Gait
   Coordination > Abnormal > Natural Gait
   Gait > Normal > Natural Gait
   
  near reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Vergence
   
  near triad
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Major Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Vergence
   
  neologisms
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Receptive language
   
  neurocutaneous syndromes
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   
  neurofibromatosis
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   
  Neuropathic Gait
   Gait > Abnormal > Neuropathic Gait Demonstration
   Gait > Abnormal > Neuropathic Gait
   
  neurosensory hearing loss
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   
  neurosyphilis
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Vergence
   
  non-dominant hemisphere
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Language - Temporal and Frontal Lobes 
   
  non-dominant parietal lobe
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   
  non-dominant parietal lobe function
   Mental Status > Normal > Non-dominant parietal lobe function
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Non-dominant parietal lobe function
   
  nonfluent
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Expressive language
   
  nucleus ambiguus
   Cranial Nerve > Media Resources > Pseudobulbar Palsy
   
  nystagmus
   Coordination > Anatomy > Vestibulocerebellum
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Pearls
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Optokinetic Nystagmus
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Ductions
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Vestibular
   

 

 


O
 
  Occipital Lobes
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Occipital Lobes
   
  Ocular Alignment
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Inspection and Ocular Alignment
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Inspection and Ocular Alignment
   
  Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Major Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   
  Oculomotor Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 3
   
  oculovestibular reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 8
   
  Olfaction
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 1
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 1 - Olfaction
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 1 - Olfaction
   
  Olfactory Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 1
   
  optic atrophy
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Fundoscopy
   
  optic disc
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Fundoscopy
   
  Optic Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 2
   
  Optokinetic Nystagmus
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Optokinetic Nystagmus
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Optokinetic Nystagmus
   

 

 


P
 
  Pain
   Introduction > Somatosensory Tracts  
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 5
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Sensory
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Sensory
   Sensory > Normal > Pain - Upper Extremeties
   Sensory > Normal > Pain - Lower Extremeties
   Sensory > Abnormal > Pain - Upper Extremeties
   Sensory > Abnormal > Pain - Lower Extremeties
   
  pain and temperature
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 5
   Sensory > Anatomy > Introduction
   Sensory > Anatomy > Trigeminal System
   
  palate
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Sensory and Motor: Gag Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Media Resources > Pseudobulbar Palsy
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Sensory and Motor
   
  pallesthesia
   Sensory > Normal > Vibratory
   
  palmomental reflex
   Motor > Normal > Pathological Reflexes
   Motor > Abnormal > Pathological Reflexes
   
  Palpation
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   Motor > Normal > Lower Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Inspection and Palpation
   
  papilledema
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Fundoscopy
   
  paraphasias
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Receptive language
   
  parasympathetics
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 7
   
  paravermis
   Coordination > Anatomy > Spinocerebellum
   
  paresthesia
   Sensory > Abnormal > Light Touch
   
  parietal cortex
   Sensory > Abnormal > Tactile Movement
   Sensory > Abnormal > Two-Point Discrimination
   Sensory > Abnormal > Double Simultaneous Stimulation
   
  Parietal Lobe(s)
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   Sensory > Normal > Tactile Movement
   Sensory > Normal > Stereognosis
   Sensory > Normal > Double Simultaneous Stimulation
   Sensory > Abnormal > Graphesthesia
   Sensory > Abnormal > Stereognosis
   
  parietal-occipital gaze centers
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Optokinetic Nystagmus
   
  Parkinsonian Gait
   Gait > Abnormal > Parkinsonian Gait Demonstration
   Gait > Abnormal > Parkinsonian Gait
   
  Pathological Gaits
   Gait > Anatomy > Localizing Value
   
  Pathological Reflexes
   Motor > Normal > Pathological Reflexes
   Motor > Abnormal > Pathological Reflexes
   
  Pearls
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Pearls
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Pearls
   Coordination > Anatomy > Pearls
   Sensory > Anatomy > Pearls
   Motor > Anatomy > Pearls
   
  pelvic girdle weakness
   Gait > Abnormal > Myopathic Gait
   
  peripheral nerve disease
   Gait > Abnormal > Neuropathic Gait Demonstration
   
  peripheral nerve lesion
   Sensory > Anatomy > Pearls
   
  pharyngeal muscles
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 9 and 10
   
  pharynx
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 9 and 10
   
  pill-rolling tremor
   Gait > Abnormal > Parkinsonian Gait
   
  Plantar Reflex
   Motor > Normal > Plantar Reflex
   Motor > Abnormal > Plantar Reflex
   
  polyneuropathy
   Sensory > Anatomy > Pearls
   
  Pons
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Pons
   
  position sense
   Introduction > Somatosensory Tracts
   Coordination > Anatomy > Traps
   Coordination > Anatomy > Pearls
   Sensory > Normal > Position Sense
   Sensory > Abnormal > Position Sense
   
  postcentral gyrus
   Sensory > Anatomy > Dorsal Column-Medial Lemniscus
   
  posterior fossa
   Introduction > Cranial Nerve Exam
   
  postural tremor
   Coordination > Normal > Tremor
   Coordination > Abnormal > Tremor
   
  praxis
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   Mental Status > Normal > Praxis
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Praxis
   
  pretectal lesion
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Vergence
   
  primitive reflexes
   Motor > Normal > Pathological Reflexes
   
  progressive supranuclear palsy
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Smooth Pursuit
   
  pronator Babinsk
   Motor > Abnormal > Testing for pronator drift
   
  pronator drift
   Motor > Normal > Testing for pronator drift
   Motor > Abnormal > Testing for pronator drift
   
  proprioception
   Coordination > Anatomy > Traps
   Sensory > Normal > Position Sense
   Sensory > Normal > Romberg Test
   Sensory > Abnormal > Romberg Test
   
  proprioceptive
   Coordination > Anatomy > Spinocerebellum
   
  prosopagnosia
   Mental Status > Normal > Visual recognition
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Visual recognition
   
  proverb interpretation
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Judgement-abstract reasoning
   
  pseudobulbar palsy
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 7 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Media Resources > Pseudobulbar Palsy
   
  pterygoids
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Motor
   
  ptosis
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Inspection and Ocular Alignment
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Inspection and Ocular Alignment
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   
  pupil
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 3 and 4
   
  Pupillary Light Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   
  pupillary constriction
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Major Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   
  pursuit eye movements
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Optokinetic Nystagmus
   

 

 


Q
 
   
  There are no terms for this letter
   

 

 


R
   
  range of motion
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Tone
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Strength Testing
   Motor > Normal > Lower Extremities > Tone
   
  Rapid Alternating Movements
   Coordination > Normal > Speech Rapid Alternating Movements
   Coordination > Normal > Hand Rapid Alternating Movements
   Coordination > Normal > Foot Rapid Alternating Movements
   Coordination > Abnormal > Hand Rapid Alternating Movements
   Coordination > Abnormal > Foot Rapid Alternating Movements
   
  reading
   Mental Status > Normal > Expressive language
   
  reasoning
   Mental Status > Normal > Judgement-abstract reasoning
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Judgement-abstract reasoning
   
  rebound
   Coordination > Normal > Rebound
   Coordination > Abnormal > Rebound
   
  recent memory
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Orientation, Memory
   
  receptive aphasia
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Receptive language
   
  Receptive language
   Mental Status > Normal > Receptive language
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Receptive language
   
  red nucleus
   Motor > Anatomy > Decorticate vs. Decerebrate
   
  relative afferent pupillary defect
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   
  repetition
   Mental Status > Normal > Expressive language
   
  resting tremor
   Coordination > Abnormal > Tremor
   
  reticular activating system
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Pearls
   
  reticulospinal
   Motor > Anatomy > Brainstem Motor Control Centers
   
  reticulospinal tract
   Motor > Anatomy > Decorticate vs. Decerebrate
   
  retina
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Fundoscopy
   
  retinal vessels
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Fundoscopy
   
  right-left confusion
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Dominant parietal lobe function
   
  rigidity
   Motor > Anatomy > Traps
   Gait > Abnormal > Parkinsonian Gait Demonstration
   
  Rinne Test
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 8
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   
  Romberg test
   Coordination > Anatomy > Traps
   Coordination > Anatomy > Pearls
   Sensory > Normal > Romberg Test
   Sensory > Abnormal > Romberg Test
   
  root reflex
   Motor > Normal > Pathological Reflexes
   Motor > Abnormal > Pathological Reflexes
   
  Rosenbaum chart
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual acuity
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual acuity
   
  rubrospinal
   Motor > Anatomy > Brainstem Motor Control Centers
   

 

 


S
   
  Saccades
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Saccades
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Optokinetic Nystagmus
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Saccades
   
  Saccadic
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Major Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   
  salivary glands
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 7
   
  scanning dystharthria
   Coordination > Anatomy > Cerebrocerebellum
   Coordination > Abnormal > Speech Rapid Alternating Movements Dysarthria
   
  scanning speech
   Coordination > Abnormal > Speech Rapid Alternating Movements Dysarthria
   
  screening tests
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual fields
   
  sensory ataxia
   Coordination > Anatomy > Traps
   Gait > Abnormal > Ataxic Gait Demonstration
   
  sensory cortex
   Introduction > Somatosensory Tracts
   
  Sensory Dissociation
   Sensory > Anatomy > Sensory Dissociation
   
  sensory level
   Sensory > Anatomy > Pearls
   
  Set Generation
   Mental Status > Normal > Set Generation
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Set Generation
   
  shape
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Occipital Lobes
   
  simultanagnosia
   Sensory > Normal > Double Simultaneous Stimulation
   Sensory > Abnormal > Double Simultaneous Stimulation
   
  smell
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 1 - Olfaction
   
  Smooth Pursuit
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Major Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Smooth Pursuit
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Optokinetic Nystagmus
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Smooth Pursuit
   
  smooth pursuit movements
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Optokinetic Nystagmus
   
  Snellen chart
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual acuity
   
  snout reflex
   Motor > Normal > Pathological Reflexes
   Motor > Abnormal > Pathological Reflexes
   
  somatosensory cortex
   Sensory > Anatomy > Spinothalamic
   Sensory > Anatomy > Dorsal Column-Medial Lemniscus
   Sensory > Abnormal > Graphesthesia
   
  somatosensory sensation
   Mental Status > Normal > Gnosis
   
  Somatosensory Tracts
   Introduction > Somatosensory Tracts
   
  Spasmodic Dysphonia
  see Dysphonia, Spasmodic
   
  Spastic Dysarthria
  see Dysarthria, Spastic
   
  spasticity
   Motor > Anatomy > Traps
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Tone
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Tone
   Gait > Abnormal > Hemiplegic Gait Demonstration
   Gait > Abnormal > Diplegic Gait
   
  Speech
   Coordination > Normal > Speech Rapid Alternating Movements
   Coordination > Abnormal > Speech Rapid Alternating Movements Dysarthria
   
  speech, ataxia of
   Coordination > Anatomy > Cerebrocerebellum
   
  Spinal Accessory Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 11
   
  Spinal Cord Lesions
   Motor > Anatomy > Spinal Cord Lesions
   
  spinal nerve lesion
   Sensory > Anatomy > Pearls
   
  Spinocerebellum
   Coordination > Anatomy > Spinocerebellum
   
  spinomedullary junction
   Introduction > Corticospinal Tract
   
  spinothalamic tract
   Introduction > Somatosensory Tracts
   Sensory > Anatomy > Introduction
   Sensory > Anatomy > Spinothalamic
   Sensory > Anatomy > Location of Tracts
   Sensory > Anatomy > Exam Tests
   Sensory > Normal > Light Touch
   Sensory > Normal > Pain - Upper Extremeties
   Sensory > Normal > Pain - Lower Extremeties
   Sensory > Normal > Temperature
   Sensory > Abnormal > Temperature
   
  spoken language
   Mental Status > Normal > Receptive language
   
  squat & rise
   Motor > Normal > Strength testing using squat & rise, heel & toe
   Motor > Abnormal > Strength testing using squat & rise, heel & toe
   
  Station
   Coordination > Normal > Station
   Coordination > Abnormal > Station
   Gait > Normal > Station
   
  stereognosis
   Mental Status > Normal > Gnosis
   Sensory > Normal > Stereognosis
   Sensory > Abnormal > Stereognosis
   
  sternocleidomastoid muscle
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 11
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 11 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 11 - Motor
   
  stocking and glove
   Sensory > Anatomy > Pearls
   
  Strength Grading
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Strength Testing
   Motor > Normal > Lower Extremities > Strength Testing
   
  Strength Testing
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Strength Testing
   Motor > Normal > Lower Extremities > Strength Testing
   Motor > Normal > Strength testing using squat & rise, heel & toe
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Strength Testing
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Strength Testing
   Motor > Abnormal > Strength testing using squat & rise, heel & toe
   
  stretch reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Motor
  also see Deep Tendon Reflexes
   
  superficial reflex
   Motor > Normal > Plantar Reflex
   
  superior temporal gyrus
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Language - Temporal and Frontal Lobes
   
  Supranuclear gaze systems
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Supranuclear gaze systems - Introduction
   
  swinging flashlight test
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 2 & 3 - Pupillary Light Reflex
   
  synkinetic movements
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Strength Testing
   

 

 


T
   
  Tactile Movement
   Sensory > Normal > Tactile Movement
   Sensory > Abnormal > Tactile Movement
   
  Tandem Gait
   Coordination > Normal > Tandem Gait
   Coordination > Abnormal > Tandem Gait
   Gait > Normal > Tandem Gait
   
  taste
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 7
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerves 9 and 10
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 7 - Sensory, Taste
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 7 - Sensory, Taste
   
  Temperature
   Introduction > Somatosensory Tracts
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 5
   Sensory > Normal > Temperature
   Sensory > Abnormal > Temperature
   
  Temporal Lobes
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Temporal Lobes
   
  titubation
   Coordination > Anatomy > Vestibulocerebellum
   Coordination > Anatomy > Midline Ataxia
   
  thalamus
   Introduction > Somatosensory Tracts
   
  thigmesthesia
   Sensory > Normal > Light Touch
   
  Toe-to-finger
   Coordination > Normal > Toe-to-finger
   Coordination > Abnormal > Toe-to-finger
   
  Tone
   Motor > Normal > Upper Extremities > Tone
   Motor > Normal > Lower Extremities > Tone
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Tone
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Tone
   
  tongue
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 12
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 12 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 12 - Motor
   
  trapezius muscle
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 11
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 11 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 11 - Motor
   
  Traps
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Traps
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Traps
   Coordination > Anatomy > Traps
   Sensory > Anatomy > Traps
   Motor > Anatomy > Traps
   
  trauma
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 1 - Olfaction
   
  Tremor
   Coordination > Normal > Tremor
   Coordination > Abnormal > Tremor
   
  Trigeminal Crossing
   Sensory > Anatomy > Location of Tracts
   
  Trigeminal Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 5
   
  Trigeminal System
   Sensory > Anatomy > Trigeminal System
   
  Trochlear Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 4
   
  truncal ataxia
   Coordination > Anatomy > Vestibulocerebellum
   
  tuning fork
   Sensory > Normal > Vibratory
   
  Two-Point Discrimination
   Sensory > Normal > Two-Point Discrimination
   Sensory > Abnormal > Two-Point Discrimination
   

 

 


U
   
  UMN Syndrome
   Motor > Anatomy > UMN Syndrome
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Tone
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   
  uncus
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 1
   
  Upper Motor Neuron – UMN
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 7
   Motor > Anatomy > Upper Motor Neuron Lesion
   Motor > Anatomy > Traps
   Motor > Normal > Testing for pronator drift
   
  Upper Motor Neuron disease
   Mental Status > Media Resources > Spastic Dysarthria
   Motor > Abnormal > Plantar Reflex
   
  Upper Motor Neuron lesion
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 5 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 7 - Motor
   Motor > Anatomy > UMN Lesion Clinical Findings
   Motor > Anatomy > Localizing a UMN Lesion
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Tone
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Strength Testing
   Motor > Abnormal > Upper Extremities > Stretch or Deep Tendon Reflexes
   Motor > Abnormal > Testing for pronator drift
   Gait > Abnormal > Hemiplegic Gait Demonstration
   Gait > Abnormal > Diplegic Gait
   
  Upper Motor Neuron signs
   Coordination > Anatomy > Traps 
   Cranial Nerve > Media Resources > Pseudobulbar Palsy
   Motor > Anatomy > Spinal Cord Lesions
   
  uvula
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Motor
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 - Sensory and Motor
   

 

 


V
   
  Vagus Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 10
   
  ventral posterior lateral nucleus (VPL)
   Sensory > Anatomy > Spinothalamic
   Sensory > Anatomy > Dorsal Column-Medial Lemniscus
   
  ventral posterior medial nucleus (VPM)
   Sensory > Anatomy > Trigeminal System
   
  verbal fluency
   Mental Status > Normal > Set Generation
   
  Vergence
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Major Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Vergence
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Vergence
   
  vermis
   Coordination > Anatomy > Spinocerebellum
   
  Versions
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerves 3, 4, & 6 - Versions
   
  Vertical axis
Introduction > “y” Values
   
  vertigo
   Coordination > Anatomy > Traps
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Vestibular
   
  Vestibulo-ocular
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Major Oculomotor Gaze Systems
   
  Vestibulo-ocular reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Vestibulo-ocular reflex
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Vestibulo-ocular reflex
   
  Vestibulocerebellum
   Coordination > Anatomy > Vestibulocerebellum
   
  Vestibulocochlear Nerve
  see Cranial Nerve 8
   
  vestibulospinal
   Motor > Anatomy > Brainstem Motor Control Centers
   
  vestibulospinal tract
   Motor > Anatomy > Decorticate vs. Decerebrate
   
  Vibratory Sensation
   Sensory > Normal > Vibratory
   Sensory > Abnormal > Vibratory
   
  visual agnosia
   Mental Status > Normal > Visual recognition
   
  Visual acuity
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual acuity
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual acuity
   
  visual fields
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Occipital Lobes
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 2
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual fields
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 2 - Visual fields
   
  visual information
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Occipital Lobes
   
  Visual recognition
   Mental Status > Normal > Visual recognition
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Visual recognition
   
  visual-spatial function
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Parietal Lobes
   
  visuospatial construction
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Non-dominant parietal lobe function
   
  VPM of the thalamus
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 5
   

 

 


W
   
  waddling
   Gait > Abnormal > Myopathic Gait
   
  weakness
   Motor > Abnormal > Lower Extremities > Strength Testing
   
  Weber Test
   Cranial Nerve > Anatomy > Cranial Nerve 8
   Cranial Nerve > Normal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   Cranial Nerve > Abnormal > Cranial Nerve 8 - Auditory Acuity, Weber & Rinne Tests
   
  Wernicke’s area
   Mental Status > Anatomy > Language - Temporal and Frontal Lobes
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Receptive language
   
  working memory
   Mental Status > Normal > Attention-working memory
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Attention-working memory
   
  writing
   Mental Status > Normal > Expressive language
   Mental Status > Abnormal > Expressive language
   
  written language
   Mental Status > Normal > Receptive language
   

 

 


X
   
  “x” axis
   Introduction > “x” Values
   
  “x” coordinate
 Introduction > “x”,“y” Graph
   

 

 


Y
   
  “y” axis
   Introduction > “y” Values
   
  “y” coordinate
 Introduction > “x”, “y” Graph
   

 

 


Z
 
   
  There are no terms for this letter
   

 

 

 

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