The University of Utah 2001
Updated February 2007
Updated September 2007
Updated September 2008
Updated September 2009
Updated September 2010
Updated November 2012
Updated September 2013
Updated December 2014
Updated January 2015
Updated August 2016
Introduction All levels of the neuroaxis contribute to gait although most gait abnormalities
are motor in nature. In assessing gait it is important to not only watch
the lower extremities but also the upper extremities for normal associated
Localizing Value There are 7 basic pathological gaits that should be recognized by
their characteristic pattern. These pathological gaits are:
These gaits have localizing
value because they can indicate levels (an "y" axis as well as an "x"
axis) of neurological disease or systems abnormalities (such as cerebellar
or basal ganglia).
Normal gait is demonstrated in the normal neuro exam section of this tutorial.
The pathological gaits are demonstrated in the abnormal neurological exam