Pediatric NeuroLogic Examination Videos and Descriptions: A Neurodevelopmental Approach
NeuroLogic Examination for Pediatrics
Videos and Descriptions
A Neurodevelopmental Approach
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The Procedure and CSF Analysis

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Image of children playingThe Pediatric Neurologic Exam: A Developmental Approach

Paul D. Larsen, M.D.
The University of Nebraska, College of Medicine


Suzanne S. Stensaas, Ph.D.
The University of Utah School of Medicine

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The "PEDIATRIC NEUROLOGIC EXAM: A NEURODEVELOPMENTAL APPROACH" uses over 145 video demonstrations and narrative descriptions in an online tutorial. It presents the neurological examination of the pediatric patient as couched within the context of neurodevelopmental milestones for Newborns, 3 month-olds, 6 month-olds, 12 month-olds, 18 month-olds, and 2-and-a-half year-olds. Use the Table of Contents on the left to access these tutorials.

In assessing the child’s developmental level, the examiner must know the age when key social, motor, and language skills are normally acquired. The normal neurological findings one would expect for a newborn are certainly different than a 2, 6 or 12-month-old infant.

Obtaining developmental milestones is an important reflection of the maturation of the child's nervous system, and assessing development is an essential part of the pediatric neurological examination. Delay in obtaining developmental milestones and abnormal patterns of development are important indicators of underlying neurological disease.

This "Internet Accessible Tutorial for Medical Neuroscience in the Pediatric Neurologic Examination" is authoredby the University of Nebraska Medical Center. College of Medicine (Paul D. Larsen, MD) and the University of Utah School of Medicine (Suzanne S. Stensaas, PhD).


Along with text descriptions, each of the 145 movies in the Pediatric Neurologic Exam can be viewed online...

  • 640x480 in size (some will be widescreen)
  • Videos will play on most computer platforms, operating systems, and many mobile devices.
  • A poster frame/thumbnail displays for each video. Click the triangular PLAY button located in the center of a poster frame to start the video.

For a video, you have the following viewing options...

  • Pause | Play
  • Skip to different times in the video
  • Adjust volume
  • Turn closed captions ON or OFF
  • Adjust the speed of playback
  • Expand the video to full screen (however, very large full screen resolutions appear somewhat fuzzy)
Click a blue button labeled "VIEW VIDEO IN SEPARATE PAGE" to open a separate, floating window that displays the video, its title, and text description.
Each movie is Closed Caption in English (see below for instructions to turn captions ON or OFF.

DOWNLOAD MOVIES (in a variety of formats):
If you prefer to download our movies for later viewing or for re-use, click a blue button labeled "Download Video" next to each movie. A separate web page opens that offers three different video formats for each movie file:

  • QuickTime, 640x480/640x360; High Quality MPEG-4, H.264 compression (good for Macintosh-based PowerPoint or Keynote presentation software), captioned in English Closed Captioned icon
  • Windows Media, 640x480/640x360; High Quality WinMedia v9 compression (good for Windows-based PowerPoint presentation software).
  • Mobile Devices & SmartPhones, MPEG-4 baseline compression for many portable devices.
  • Some movies, such as the Neuroanatomy Video Lab: Brain Dissections, are also available in high-definition 1280x720 format.


Logo for Closed Captioning

As of November 2012 (and updated in 2016), the videos that you view online, as will as the downloaded QuickTime 640x480 versions of our movies, include closed captions in English. Complete instructions for turning captions ON or OFF are available from the page "HOW TO SHOW CLOSED CAPTIONS Closed Captions icon." There is also a link in the left-hand side Table of Contents.

Summarized below is the quick version of the instructions for turning captions ON or OFF:

  • VIEWING ONLINE IN THE WEBSITE: Any movie you play directly online from the website has closed captions that can be turned ON or OFF from its playback control bar. This is true even if you decide to view a video in a separate web page by clicking the blue button labeled VIEW VIDEO IN SEPARATE PAGE.
    • Some movies indicate they are "without sound." In such cases, there are no captions.
    • The default display has the closed captions turned "ON".
    • Turn the closed captions "OFF" by using the button "CC" located in the control bar for a video.

  • VIEWING AFTER DOWNLOADING A MOVIE: If you download the QuickTime version of our movies, the downloaded movie can be viewed directly in Apple's QuickTime Player, Apple iTunes, or a variety of other QuickTime compatible players. To reveal the closed captions:
    • Select the player's menu item named either "VIEW" or sometimes "CONTROLS."
    • Then select "SHOW CLOSED CAPTIONING" or "SUBTITLES>ENGLISH CC," depending on the player you are using.
    • Please be sure you are not using Windows Media Player to display our captioned QuickTime movies. Our captions cannot be revealed when watching the movies with Windows Media Player, even though by automatic default, Windows Media Player may try to open and play the captioned QuickTime video.

  • MOBILE DEVICES: Additional instructions for revealing closed captions in mobile devices, such as iPhones and iPads, are found on the page "HOW TO SHOW CLOSED CAPTIONS Closed Caption icon." Some mobile devices may not display the captions.



A companion website to the Pediatric Neurological Examination is the Adult Neurologic Exam: An Anatomical Approach, where the anatomical foundations of the neurologic exam are presented and examples of both normal and abnormal patient conditions are exhibited.

To access the Adult Neurologic Exam use link in the left-hand side Table of Contents.


A complementary site attached to Neurologic Exam is Neurologic Cases. In a step-by-step method, Neurological Cases allows the learner to practice anatomical localization of neurologic pathologies. The six steps are...

  • (1) View the Case History;
  • (2) View the Neurological Exam;
  • (3) Select from the Checklist of Finding;
  • (4) Localize the Level(s) of the Lesion;
  • (5) Identify the damaged Structures; and
  • (6) View the Case Discussion.

To access NeuroLogic Cases, use the link in the left-hand Table of Contents.


An additional resource has been added to the Neurologic Exam website in 2013. Suzanne S. Stensaas, Ph.D., shares her years of expertise and teaching experience by showing us dissections of the human brain and its structures that are important for understanding neurological principles and localization (deciding where in the brain a disease process is occurring).

There are 14 videos in the Neuroanatomy Video Lab: Brain Dissections, and they are found on their own web page within the Neurologic Exam website. To access the page, use the link in the left-hand side Table of Contents (under ADDITIONAL RESOURCES).


An Online Neuroanatomy Tutorial, called "HyperBrain," has also been linked to the Neurologic Exam website. It is designed as a supplement to textbook and class learning or as a lab substitute when human specimens, slides and models are not available.

HyperBrain includes thousand of images and hundreds of linked illustrated glossary terms, as well as movies, quizzes and interactive animations. 

To access the website HyperBrain, use the link in the left-hand side Table of Contents (under ADDITIONAL RESOURCES).


An online tutorial, called "Lumbar Puncture: The Procedure and CSF Analysis," is available from Paul D. Larsen, M.D., The University of Nebraska School of Medicine.

This tutorial is a comprehensive overview of the procedures related to lumbar punctures and the followup analysis of the cerebralspinal fluid. Topics include:

  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • CSF Anatomy
  • CSF Physiology
  • Anatomy of LP
  • LP the Procedure
  • Pediatric Considerations
  • CSF Lab Evaluation
  • CSF in Selected Diseases
  • Complications of LP

To access the website Lumbar Puncture: The Procedure and CSF Analysis, use the link in the left-hand side Table of Contents (under ADDITIONAL RESOURCES).




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