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IV. Nomenclature

Systems Systems: Trivial Names Systems: IUPAC Systems: Two Abbreviation Systems Systems: Greek Letters are Used in Two Ways     Summary of the Four Common Systems     Previous Page Next Page

Systems: Trivial Names

Trivial names contain no clues to the structures; one must learn the name and associate it with a separately learned structure. The names typically derive from a common source of the compound or the source from which it was first isolated. For example, palmitic acid is found in palm oil, oleic acid is a major constituent of olive oil (oleum) and stearic (from the Greek word meaning solid) acid is solid at room temperature. Spiders (arachnids) contain arachidonic acid.


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