NeuroLogic Examination Videos and Descriptions: An Anatomical Approach
NeuroLogic Examination Videos and Descriptions...
an Anatomical Approach
Go to the Home Page for the NeuroLogic Exam (Adult)Home (Adult NeuroLogic Exam)
Go to the Cases for the NeuroLogic ExamNeuroLogic Cases
Go to the Pediatric NeuroLogic ExamPediatric NeuroLogic Exam

Neuroanatomy Video Lab: Brain Dissections
Neuroanatomy Online Tutorial: HyperBrain
Lumbar Puncture Tutorial: The Procedure and CSF Analysis
Site Index ...
Go to Site Index by Exam ... by Exam
Go to Site Index by Topic ... by Topic


Go to Mental Status Exam > Anatomy sectionAnatomy
Go to Mental Status Exam > Normal ExamNormal Exam
Go to Mental Status Exam > Abornormal ExamplesAbnormal Examples
Go to Mental Status Exam > QuizQuiz
Go to Mental Status Exam > Media ResourcesMedia Resources


Go to Cranial Nerve Exam > Anatomy sectionAnatomy
Go to Cranial Nerve Exam > Normal ExamNormal Exam
Go to Cranial Nerve Exam > Abnormal ExamplesAbnormal Examples
Go to Cranial Nerve Exam > QuizQuiz
Go to Cranial Nerve Exam > Media ResourcesMedia Resources

Goto Coordination Exam > Anatomy sectionAnatomy
Go to Coordination Exam > Normal ExamNormal Exam
Go to Coordination Exam > Abnormal ExamplesAbnormal Examples
Goto Coordination Exam > QuizQuiz
Go to Coordination Exam > Media ResourcesMedia Resources

Go to Sensory Exam > Anatomy sectionAnatomy
Goto Sensory Exam > Normal ExamNormal Exam
Go to Sensory Exam > Abnormal ExamplesAbnormal Examples
Go to Sensory Exam > QuizQuiz
Go to Sensory Exam > Media ResourcesMedia Resources

Go to Motor Exam > Anatomy sectionAnatomy
Go to Motor Exam > Normal ExamNormal Exam
Go to Motor Exam > Abnormal ExamplesAbnormal Examples
Go to Motor Exam > QuizQuiz
Go to Motor Exam > Media ResourcesMedia Resources

Go to Gait Exam > Anatomy sectionAnatomy
Go to Gait Exam > Normal ExamNormal Exam
Go to Gait Exam > Abnormal ExamplesAbnormal Examples
Go to Gait Exam > QuizQuiz
Go to Gait Exam > Media ResourcesMedia Resources

Go to the Neurological CasesNEUROLOGIC CASES

Go to the Site Index by Exam Exam
Go to the Site Index by Topic Topic

Go to the CreditsCredits
Go to the Copyright StatementCopyright
Contact UsContacts & Feedback
Info on How to Use this SiteHow to Use This Site
Go to the Page for Downloading MoviesDownload Movies Page
Go to Instructions for Downloading MoviesMovie Download Instructions
Info on getting the Password to Unlock Zipped MoviesPassword to Unlock Zipped Movies
Go to our Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons License: Movie Use
Instructions on How to Fix Messy FontsHow to Fix Messy Fonts
Instructions on How to Show Closed CaptionsHow to Show Closed Captions Closed Captions icon
How to add QuickTime Movies to PowerPointHow to add QuickTime to PowerPoint
To the the University of Utah Health Content DisclaimerHealth Content Disclaimer
Go to this website's Production NotesSite Production Notes
Return to the Home Page for the Adult Neurologic ExamHome

Go to the Pediatric Neurologic Exam websitePediatric Neurologic Exam Website
Go to the Brain Dissection Video LabVideo Lab: Brain Dissections
Go to HyperBrain TutorialOnline Tutorial: HyperBrain
Go to Lumbar Puncture TutorialLumbar Puncture Tutorial:
The Procedure and CSF Analysis

University of Utah Logo

The University of Utah 2001
Updated February 2007
Updated September 2007
Updated September 2008
Updated September 2009
Updated September 2010
Updated November 2012
Updated September 2013
Updated December 2014

Get QuickTime
This site requires

QuickTime and the QuickTime Logo are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. The Get QuickTime Badge is a trademark of Apple Computer Inc., used with permission.

Go to Top of Page
Mental Status > Abnormal

Orientation, Memory video
Attention-working memory video
Judgement-abstract reasoning video
Set generation video
Receptive language video
Expressive language video
Praxis video
Gnosis video
Dominant parietal lobe function video
Non-dominant parietal lobe function video
Visual recognition video


see "How to use this Site"
see "Movie Download Instructions"


Orientation, Memory
This patient has difficulty with orientation questions. The day of the week is correct but he misses the month and date. He is oriented to place. Orientation mistakes are not localizing but can be due to problems with memory, language, judgement, attention or concentration. The patient has good recent memory (declarative memory) as evidenced by the recall of three objects but has difficulty with long term memory as evidenced by the difficulty recalling the current and past presidents.

Attention-working memory
The patient has difficulty with digit span backwards, spelling backwards and giving the names of the months in reverse order. This indicates a problem with working memory and maintaining attention, both of which are frontal lobe functions.

Judgement-abstract reasoning
The patient gives the correct answer for a house on fire and his answers for similarities are also good. He has problems with proverb interpretation. His answers are concrete and consist of rephrasing the proverb or giving a simple consequence of the action in the proverb. Problems with judgement, abstract reasoning, and executive function can be seen in patients with frontal lobe dysfunction.

Set generation
Set generation tests word fluency and frontal lobe function. The patient starts well but abruptly stops after only four words. Most individuals can give more then 10 words in one minute.

Receptive language
Patients with a receptive aphasia (Wernicke’s) cannot comprehend language. Their speech output is fluent but is devoid of meaning and contains nonsense syllables or words (neologisms). Their sentences are usually lacking nouns and there are paraphasias (one word substituted for another). The patient is usually unaware of their language deficit and prognosis for recovery is poor.

This patient’s speech is fluent and some of her sentences even make sense but she also has nonsense sentences, made up of words and parts of words. She can’t name objects (anomia). She doesn’t have a pure or complete receptive aphasia but pure receptive aphasias are rare.

(sound only)

Expressive language
This patient with expressive aphasia has normal comprehension but her expression of language is impaired. Her speech output is nonfluent and often limited to just a few words or phases. Grammatical words such as prepositions are left out and her speech is telegraphic. She has trouble saying “no ifs , ands or buts”. Her ability to write is also effected.
Patients with expressive aphasia are aware of their language deficit and are often frustrated by it. Recovery can occur but is often incomplete with their speech consisting of short phrases or sentences containing mainly nouns and verbs.

The patient does well on most of the tests of praxis. At the very end when he is asked to show how to cut with scissors he uses his fingers as the blades of the scissors instead of acting like he is holding onto the handles of the scissors and cutting. This can be an early finding of inferior parietal lobe dysfunction.

With his right hand the patient has more difficulty identifying objects then with his left hand. One must be careful in interpreting the results of this test because of the patient’s motor deficits but there does seem to be astereognosis on the right, which would indicate left parietal lobe dysfunction. This is confirmed with graphesthesia where he definitely has more problems identifying numbers written on the right hand then the left (agraphesthesia of the right hand).

Dominant parietal lobe function
This patient has right-left confusion and difficulty with simple arithmetic. These are elements of the Gertsmann syndrome, which is seen in lesions of the dominant parietal lobe. The full syndrome consists of right-left confusion, finger agnosia, agraphia and acalculia. (in Spanish)

(in Spanish)

Video Courtesy of Alejandro Stern, Stern Foundation

Non-dominant parietal lobe function
The patient’s drawing of a clock demonstrates a problem with visuospatial construction tasks, which reflects parietal lobe dysfunction. He doesn’t neglect the left side of space but he lists the numbers of the clock in two columns and then draws a line between the 8 and the 3 for 8:15.

Visual recognition
Colors are correctly identified but the patient has difficulty correctly identifying the face of a president that he is familiar with. Further testing would be necessary to make sure this is prosopagnosia rather then a problem with attention or long term memory.


Orientation, Memory
Attention-working memory
Judgement-abstract reasoning
Set generation
Receptive language
Expressive language
Dominant parietal lobe function
Non-dominant parietal lobe function
Visual recognition



Go to Top of this Page
Home | Contacts & Feedback | Copyright | Credits | Disclaimer | Privacy